Primo Maggio 1886 e Primo Maggio 1956: segue la ristampa di due scritti di grande interesse: I Martiri di Chicago nella rievocazione storica di Luigi Galleani e di Pietro Gori [May Day 1886 and May Day 1956: followed by the reprinting of an American work of great interest, The Martyrs of Chicago in the Historical Retelling of Luigi Galleani and of Pietro Gori]. Torino: Tip. M. Appiano, 1956.

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Title

Primo Maggio 1886 e Primo Maggio 1956: segue la ristampa di due scritti di grande interesse: I Martiri di Chicago nella rievocazione storica di Luigi Galleani e di Pietro Gori [May Day 1886 and May Day 1956: followed by the reprinting of an American work of great interest, The Martyrs of Chicago in the Historical Retelling of Luigi Galleani and of Pietro Gori]. Torino: Tip. M. Appiano, 1956.

Description

May Day was perhaps the single most important day of the anarchist and socialist year in the U.S. and elsewhere, celebrating the worker and the primacy of workers over capitalists. Years later, May Day celebrations were replaced by more sedate "Labor Day" celebrations in September that organized labor, anxious to show its anti-communist and generally anti-leftist credentials, used to replace May Day. See discussions elsewhere in the collection of May Day. 

Mariani (b. Castelucchio (Mantua in Lombardy) 1898- d. Sestri Levante (Genoa province in Liguria) 1974) was together with Ettore Aguggini (see his Pensieri scelti per l'evoluzione del cervello per servirsene nelle discussioni pacifiche o in contradditorio in the collection) and Giuseppe Boldrini, involved in the Diana Theatre "slaughter" in Milan in 1921, which by error killed 21 people and injured 150 or so exiting theatre goers instead of Milan Police Chief Gasti, who lived in the hotel next door. The bombing was carried out in protest of the continued detention of the editors of Umanità Nova, including Errico Malatesta and Armando Borghi, and led to fascist reprisals against all leftists, including destruction of the offices, including printing presses of Avanti! and Umanità Nova, and propagandizing of the event.

See Victoria de Grazia, The Perfect Fascist: a Story of Love, Power and Morality in Mussolini's Italy (2020) for a good discussion of the bombing of the Diana Theatre and how the fascists used the incident to suppress the left and build momentum for their own movement.

This work includes reprints of writings by Luigi Galleani and by Pietro Gori relating to the Haymarket riots of 1886 on the 70th anniversary of that event, and includes pictorial portraits of many of the original Haymarket figures. The collection includes a great many works by Galleani and some of Gori.

Creator

Giuseppe Mariani

Publisher

Tip. M. Appiano

Date

1956

Format

21.5 x 14.5cm; 38 p.

Language

Italian

Citation

Giuseppe Mariani, “Primo Maggio 1886 e Primo Maggio 1956: segue la ristampa di due scritti di grande interesse: I Martiri di Chicago nella rievocazione storica di Luigi Galleani e di Pietro Gori [May Day 1886 and May Day 1956: followed by the reprinting of an American work of great interest, The Martyrs of Chicago in the Historical Retelling of Luigi Galleani and of Pietro Gori]. Torino: Tip. M. Appiano, 1956.,” Italian-Language American Imprints: The Periconi Collection, accessed January 29, 2023, https://italianamericanimprints.omeka.net/items/show/406.

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